Line 1 is the main north-south line of the Shanghai Metro and was the first line to open, in 1995. It runs from Fujin Road in the north, via Shanghai Railway Station to Xinzhuang in the south. This line added a very important transport method to the city, making transportation between home and work much more convenient for thousands of people living in Shanghai.
A northern extension running from Fujin Road to Gongfu Xincun was opened on December 29, 2007. This added 3 stations to the metro line.
This line serves many important points in Shanghai, including People’s Square, a major interchange. Due to the large number of important locations served, this line is extremely busy. The daily ridership is over 1,000,000, making it the busiest line of the Shanghai Metro system.
- May 28, 1993 – Xujiahui – Shanghai South Railway Station (formerly known as Xinlonghua)
- April 10, 1995 – Shanghai Railway Station – Jinjiang Park
- December 28, 1996 – Separate southern section from Jinjiang Park (formerly known as Hongmei Road South) to Xinzhuang opens. Northern extension continues to operate to Shanghai Railway Station.
- July 1, 1997 – The northern and southern sections are connected, forming one complete line from Shanghai Railway Station – Xinzhuang.
- December 28, 2004 – Line runs from Gongfu Xincun – Xinzhuang after northern extension opens.
- December 29, 2007 – Second northern extension opens; full line runs from Fujin Road – Xinzhuang.
- Shanghai Railway Station – Connects the metro with the main railway station in the city, allowing easy transport to and from other provinces. Virtual Interchange with Lines 3 and 4.
- People’s Square – This station serves a very important business and shopping area, but is also close to multiple tourist attractions making the station busy all day long. Interchange with Lines 2 and 8.
- Xujiahui – This is an important business and commercial area, also with tourist attractions such as the Xujiahui Cathedral. Virtual Interchange with Line 9.
- Shanghai Indoor Stadium – This station is located at the sports stadium of the same name and the biggest regional and long distance bus station in the city. Interchange with Line 4.
- Shanghai South Railway Station – This station serves the second railway station of the city, which mostly accommodates trains serving cities mainly to the south. Interchange with Line 3.
- Xinzhuang – The southern terminus of Line 1; interchange with Line 5.
|Status||Extension to Chongming Island in planning|
|No. of stations||28|
|Opened||April 10, 1995|
|Operator(s)||Shanghai No.1 Metro Operation Co. Ltd.|
|Character||Underground and elevated|
|Line length||36.39 km (22.61 mi)|
|No. of tracks||2|
|Gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||Overhead lines (1500 volts)|
|Operating speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
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